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International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme

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13800 Pierrefonds Boulevard, Pierrefonds H9A 1A7

C. Galley

Assessment - Language and Literature

Table 1

Here are the key concepts to be explored across the MYP. The key concepts contributed by the study of language and literature are communication, connections, creativity and perspective.

Aesthetics Change Communication Communities
Connections Creativity Culture Development
Form Global Interactions Identity Logic
Perspective Relationships Systems Time, place and space

These key concepts provide a framework for language and literature, informing units of work and helping to organize teaching and learning.


Communication is the exchange or transfer of signals, facts, ideas and symbols. It requires a sender, a message and an intended receiver. Communication involves the activity of conveying information or meaning. Effective communication requires a common “language” (which may be written, spoken or nonverbal). Through exploring texts, we exchange, express, analyse and transform information, facts, ideas, meanings and opinions. Communication is the basis of what makes us human and bridges communities across the globe; it is the essence of this discipline.


Connections are links, bonds and relationships among people, objects, organisms or ideas. Linguistic and literary connections exist across time, texts and cultures. This concept is central to the study of language and literature. Due to the universal nature of language and literature, connections and transfer exist within and across narratives. This allows for the exploration of language and relationships between text, creator and audience.


Creativity is the process of generating novel ideas and considering existing ideas from new perspectives. Creativity includes the ability to recognize the value of ideas when developing innovative responses to problems; it may be evident in process as well as outcomes, products or solutions. In MYP language and literature, it is the process of synthesizing ideas with language that is a vehicle for creativity.


Perspective is the position from which we observe situations, objects, facts, ideas and opinions. Perspective may be associated with individuals, groups, cultures or disciplines. Different perspectives often lead to multiple representations and interpretations. Perspective influences text, and text influences perspective. Through students’ language and literature studies, multiple perspectives and their effects are identified, analysed, deconstructed and reconstructed.

Assessment Information

Assessment for language and literature in all years of the programme is criterion-related, based on four equally weighted assessment criteria:

Criterion A Analyzing Maximum 8
Criterion B Organizing Maximum 8
Criterion C Producing text Maximum 8
Criterion D Using language Maximum 8

Copyright IBO 2014
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